God will use the weak and foolish things of the world to shame the wise and mighty in the flesh.
by Mitch Kuhn
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1Sa 17:8 And he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto
them, Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine,
and ye servants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come down
1Sa 17:9 If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your
servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our
servants, and serve us.
1Sa 17:10 And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give
me a man, that we may fight together.
1Sa 17:11 When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they
were dismayed, and greatly afraid.
1Sa 17:12 Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehem judah,
whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man went among
men for an old man in the days of Saul.
1Sa 17:13 And the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul
to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were
Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.
1Sa 17:14 And David was the youngest: and the three eldest followed
1Sa 17:15 But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father’s sheep
David’s older, stronger brothers were soldiers, yet David was just a young
shepherd boy, not trained for battle in the carnal sense, yet equipped for
battle in the spirit.
1Sa 17:23 And as he (David) talked with them, behold, there came up the
champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of the
Philistines, and spake according to the same words: and David heard them.
1Sa 17:24 And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from
him, and were sore afraid.
1Sa 17:26 And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What
shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the
reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he
should defy the armies of the living God?
David’s zeal for the Lord is again manifest along with his faith. This is an
early prophecy fulfilled in 1 Corinthians 3.
1Co 3:16 Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of
God dwelleth in you?
1Co 3:17 If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy;
for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.
1Sa 17:31 NKJV Now when the words which David spoke were heard, they
reported them to Saul; and he sent for him.
1Sa 17:32 Then David said to Saul, “Let no man’s heart fail because of him;
your servant will go and fight with this Philistine.”
1Sa 17:33 And Saul said to David, “You are not able to go against
this Philistine to fight with him; for you are a youth, and he a man of
war from his youth.”
David is a type of Christ within us, teaching us that it is the spirit of God that
gives us power, not our number of physical years on this earth.
1Ti 4:12 Let no man despise thy youth; but be thou an example of the
believers, in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity.
David is now going to be an example as Paul is teaching Timothy to
do in the verse above.
1Sa 17:34 But David said to Saul, “Your servant used to keep his father’s
sheep, and when a lion or a bear came and took a lamb out of the flock,
1Sa 17:35 I went out after it and struck it, and delivered the lamb from its
mouth; and when it arose against me, I caught it by its beard, and struck
and killed it.
1Sa 17:36 Your servant has killed both lion and bear; and this
uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, seeing he has defied the
armies of the living God.”
1Sa 17:37 Moreover David said, “The LORD, who delivered me from the
paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear, He will deliver me from the
hand of this Philistine.” And Saul said to David, “Go, and the LORD be
This is a shadow of these verses in 1 John 4:4.
1Jn 4:4 Ye are of God, little children, and have overcome them: because
greater is he that is in you, than he that is in the world.
Paul explains what David is demonstrating, that it is God who will deliver us
from enemies. David did not “mind” the flesh of Goliath just as we must not
mind the things of the flesh. He did not regard Goliaths’ massive stature, nor
did he worry about it. We must be the same way in our lives, not worrying
or being fearful of the flesh, but focused on the truth of the spirit.
Rom 8:2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free
from the law of sin and death.
Rom 8:3 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the
flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin,
condemned sin in the flesh:
Rom 8:4 That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk
not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.
Rom 8:5 For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the
flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit.
It was David’s faith given to him by God that made him powerful. This is a
type and shadow of us being given the faith to believe Christ will heal us
from our spiritual sickness, and destroy the Goliath in our land.
Mar 5:34 And he said unto her, Daughter, thy faith hath made thee
whole; go in peace, and be whole of thy plague.
Mar 10:52 And Jesus said unto him, Go thy way; thy faith hath made
thee whole. And immediately he received his sight, and followed Jesus in
This study will explain more the spiritual significance of healing.
David did not even wear any of King Saul’s armor to fight Goliath, because he had the armor of God.
Sa 17:38 So Saul clothed David with his armor, and he put a bronze
helmet on his head; he also clothed him with a coat of mail.
1Sa 17:39 David fastened his sword to his armor and tried to walk, for he
had not tested them. And David said to Saul, “I cannot walk with these, for I
have not tested them.” So David took them off.
All he took with him was his staff, 5 stones, a sling shot, and faith in God.
Five is the number for grace through faith. Our old man will be chastened
and killed by the grace of God sent to use though his word (stone) and into
Mat 21:42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The
stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the
corner: this is the Lord’s doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
Mat 21:43 Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken
from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.
Mat 21:44 And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on
whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
Rom 9:32 Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by
the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumblingstone;
Rom 9:33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of
offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
1Sa 17:40 Then he took his staff in his hand; and he chose for himself five
smooth stones from the brook, and put them in a shepherd’s bag, in a pouch
which he had, and his sling was in his hand. And he drew near to the
1Sa 17:41 So the Philistine came, and began drawing near to David, and
the man who bore the shield went before him.
1Sa 17:42 And when the Philistine looked about and saw David, he
disdained him; for he was only a youth, ruddy (reddish complexion)
Just imagine the disdain and arrogance coming from the mighty warrior
Goliath, when this young good, good looking, red headed shepherd boy
comes to fight him with no armor and no sword. This is how we will be
viewed by those in the world who are not impressed with our flesh. As we
have already studied, the majority of the disciples and Christ himself were
not impressive at all in the flesh.
1Sa 17:43 So the Philistine said to David, “Am I a dog, that you come to me
with sticks?” And the Philistine cursed David by his gods.
1Sa 17:44 And the Philistine said to David, “Come to me, and I will give
your flesh to the birds of the air and the beasts of the field!”
It’s funny that Goliath asks if he is a dog in sarcasm. He had no idea how
true this statement was. He only sees David’s staff in his hand and likely did
not see the sling. He probably would not have been impressed with this
either, since he valued mighty carnal weapons of war.
Ecc 3:18 I said in mine heart concerning the estate of the sons of men, that
God might manifest them, and that they might see that they themselves are
Here again is the reason David wins. He is caused to give God the glory.
1Sa 17:45 Then David said to the Philistine, “You come to me with a
sword, with a spear, and with a javelin. But I come to you in the
name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom
you have defied.
1Sa 17:46 This day the LORD will deliver you into my hand, and I will
strike you and take your head from you. And this day I will give the
carcasses of the camp of the Philistines to the birds of the air and the wild
beasts of the earth, that all the earth may know that there is a God in
1Sa 17:47 Then all this assembly shall know that the LORD does not
save with sword and spear; for the battle is the LORD’s, and He will
give you into our hands.”
1Co 15:57 But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our
Lord Jesus Christ.
Psa 20:7 Some trust in chariots, and some in horses: but we will
remember the name of the LORD our God.
Goliath is a type of our old man that puts confidence in the flesh. God will
set us up just like Goliath to be humiliated, when we put confidence in our
flesh to accomplish anything.
Php 3:3 For we are the circumcision, which worship God in the spirit, and
rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.
2Co 12:10 Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in needs,
in persecutions, in distresses, for Christ’s sake. For when I am weak, then
I am strong.
Here is the battle:
1Sa 17:48 So it was, when the Philistine arose and came and drew near to
meet David, that David hurried and ran toward the army to meet the
1Sa 17:49 Then David put his hand in his bag and took out a stone; and he
slung it and struck the Philistine in his forehead, so that the stone sank
into his forehead, and he fell on his face to the earth.
1Sa 17:50 So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and a stone,
and struck the Philistine and killed him. But there was no sword in the hand
1Sa 17:51 Therefore David ran and stood over the Philistine, took his sword
and drew it out of its sheath and killed him, and cut off his head with it. And
when the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled.
David was not wearing physical armor, but the Armor of God. Notice where
he struck the philistine, in the forehead. This is telling us that the battle is in
Eph 6:11 Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand
against the wiles of the devil.
Eph 6:12 For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against
principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age,
against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places.
This battle shows us how our old man is defeated by the word of God, which
does not look very impressive to the carnally minded. All it took to kill
goliath was a perfectly placed strike on the forehead with a stone.
Heb 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper
than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul
and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts
and intents of the heart.
It was not big flashy armor, weapons or armies that won the victory. It was
the power of God.
1Co 2:4 And my speech and my preaching was not with enticing words
of man’s wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power:
Why does God so this way?
1Co 2:5 That your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God.